Contusions result from collisions, falls, physical blows or being struck with an object. Facial contusions - or bruises - refer to facial injuries involving bleeding within the skin, subcutaneous tissue and muscles of the face. Deeper injury can result in muscle contusion with the formation of a hematoma, or collection of blood in the muscle.
The following symptoms of contusions are mild and eventually resolve over one to three weeks. The skin discoloration, pain and swelling of a contusion are often enough to diagnose the condition.
However, if you experience any of these problems for more than three weeks, see your physician. For any suspected bone fracture, see your physician IMMEDIATELY.
Talk with your physician about the best treatment plan for you. A common treatment option is placing ice or a cold compress on the injured area and elevating the contusion above the level of your heart. This can reduce swelling and lessen the pain. Keeping pressure against the bruise can also help decrease swelling. If the skin is broken, you may need a tetanus injection and/or antibiotics to prevent infection. Common medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen are usually recommended for pain relief and swelling reduction. We recommend asking a physician or Certified Athletic Trainers (ATC) to examine the injury to ensure you do not have a more serious and underlying injury, such as a fracture.
Geisinger’s physicians and ATC are trained to provide a rapid, accurate assessment of head and facial injuries, and to coordinate care of their athletes.
For more information on Geisinger’s Facial Plastics and Reconstructive Surgery program, click here.