Types of Knee Injury
Knee injuries are perhaps the most common injuries assessed by the Geisinger physicians. Any athlete subjects his or her knee joints to more stress than the average person. Whether or not the actual sport involves heavy knee impact, athletes who train with running, jumping, and weight lifting are constantly dependent upon the knee joints to provide stability and strength. In sports that involve heavy running or tight turns, the knees are at risk for injury. Ligament and cartilage tears are very common in football, basketball, swimming, wrestling, skiing, and soccer, and the Geisinger Medical Center team has years of experience treating knee-related problems.
Three common knee injuries include ligament tears, meniscus tears, and arthritis.
Ligament – The medial collateral ligament (MCL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are commonly torn. The ACL is commonly torn when changing directions quickly, stopping suddenly, or landing from a jump. The MCL may be torn when forced impact occurs on the outside of the knee, and the PCL is often torn after experiencing a blow to the front of the knee.
Meniscus – The medial meniscus, rubbery cartilage connected to the knee ligaments, is often torn along with the ligaments of the knee or independently. Meniscus tears are common following tackles or sharp twisting, cutting, or pivoting moves.
Arthritis – Athletes who’ve suffered previous knee injury may develop post-traumatic arthritis, a condition where the cartilage of the knee slowly degenerates and causes pain and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis are two other forms
Don’t let an injury keep you on the bench. Schedule your Geisinger Sports Medicine appointment today.